Current Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation weakest in last millennium


The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC)-one of Earth’s major ocean circulation systems-redistributes heat on our planet and has a major impact on climate. Here, we compare a variety of published proxy records to reconstruct the evolution of the AMOC since about AD 400. A fairly consistent picture of the AMOC emerges, after a long and relatively stable period, there was an initial weakening starting in the nineteenth century, followed by a second, more rapid, decline in the mid-twentieth century, leading to the weakest state of the AMOC occurring in recent decades.

J. Quaternary Sci.